Recent discoveries and new technologies are revolutionizing the biological sciences, placing increasing emphasis on integrating knowledge across all levels of organization, from molecules to ecosystems.  Our programs give students both the intellectual tools and the hands-on experience they need to pursue careers in fields as diverse as conservation and endangered species; land-use management; ecotoxicology; academic, industry or government research; or health care.  Learning takes place through traditional classroom instruction, innovative laboratory projects with state-of-the-art technologies, field-based courses around the world, and a strong research program in which undergraduate students of all years are intensively mentored in a research lab.
 
The honours in biology allows for in-depth study in one or more biological disciplines. Students can concentrate on a particular area by choosing one of three options: Cellular and Molecular Biology, Physiology, or Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. This route includes a compulsory independent research project to equip students with advanced research, analysis and communication skills applicable to diverse careers.  Students thinking of a career in research should consider the Research Focus, an immersive research experience in the third and fourth years.  Alternatively, they can pursue diverse interests by selecting a general course of study that includes a number of advanced courses, and they can gain work experience while studying through the Co-Operative Education Programs.
 
The major in biology introduces students to cell biology, genetics, evolution, ecology and physiology (both plant and animal). It is combined with either another major or a minor. The major allows students to pursue diverse interests while opening the door to graduate studies or a career in the life sciences. 

The minor in biology is a flexible program that allows students to select a subset of biology courses.

This program is offered in English and in French.

The extended French stream is available with this program.

Compulsory Courses at the 1000 level
BIO 1130Introduction to Organismal Biology3 Units
BIO 1140Introduction to Cell Biology3 Units
CHM 1311Principles of Chemistry3 Units
CHM 1321Organic Chemistry I3 Units
GEO 1111Introduction to Earth Systems3 Units
MAT 1330Calculus for the Life Sciences I3 Units
MAT 1332Calculus for the Life Sciences II3 Units
PHY 1321Principles of Physics I3 Units
Compulsory Courses at the 2000 level
BCH 2333Introduction to Biochemistry3 Units
BIO 2129Ecology3 Units
BIO 2133Genetics3 Units
BIO 2135Animal Form and Function3 Units
BIO 2137Introduction to Plant Science: Biodiversity to Biotechnology3 Units
CHM 2120Organic Chemistry II3 Units
MAT 2379Introduction to Biostatistics3 Units
Compulsory Courses at the 3000 level
BIO 3009Research Practicum6 Units
Compyulsory Courses at the 4000 level
BIO 4009Honours Research9 Units
BIO 4158Applied Biostatistics3 Units
BIO 4920Seminar I Evaluating Science1.5 Units
BIO 4921Seminar II Developing and Communicating Science1.5 Units
Optional Courses
3 optional course units in English (ENG) at the 1000 or 2000 level3 Units
9 optional course units in biology (BIO), biopharmaceutical science (BPS) or environmental science (EVS), ITI 1120, BCH 3120, BCH 3125, BCH 3356, BCH 4122, BCH 4125, BCH 41889 Units
15 optional course units in biology (BIO), biopharmaceutical science (BPS) or environmental science (EVS) at the 3000 or 4000 level, BCH 3120, BCH 3125, BCH 3356, BCH 4122, BCH 4125, BCH 418815 Units
9 elective course units offered by the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Education, the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Social Sciences or the Telfer School of Management9 Units
Elective Courses
18 elective course units18 Units
Total: 120 Units