Recent discoveries and new technologies are revolutionizing the biological sciences, placing increasing emphasis on integrating knowledge across all levels of organization, from molecules to ecosystems. Our programs give students both the intellectual tools and the hands-on experience they need to pursue careers in fields as diverse as conservation and endangered species; land-use management; ecotoxicology; academic, industry or government research; or health care. Learning takes place through traditional classroom instruction, innovative laboratory projects with state-of-the-art technologies, field-based courses around the world, and a strong research program in which undergraduate students of all years are intensively mentored in a research lab.
The honours in biology allows for in-depth study in one or more biological disciplines. Students can concentrate on a particular area by choosing one of three options: Cellular and Molecular Biology, Physiology, or Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. This route includes a compulsory independent research project to equip students with advanced research, analysis and communication skills applicable to diverse careers. Students thinking of a career in research should consider the Research Focus, an immersive research experience in the third and fourth years. Alternatively, they can pursue diverse interests by selecting a general course of study that includes a number of advanced courses, and they can gain work experience while studying through the Co-Operative Education Programs.
The major in biology introduces students to cell biology, genetics, evolution, ecology and physiology (both plant and animal). It is combined with either another major or a minor. The major allows students to pursue diverse interests while opening the door to graduate studies or a career in the life sciences.
The minor in biology is a flexible program that allows students to select a subset of biology courses.
This program is offered in English and in French.
The extended French stream is available with this program.
|Compulsory Courses at the 1000 level|
|BIO 1130||Introduction to Organismal Biology||3 Units|
|BIO 1140||Introduction to Cell Biology||3 Units|
|CHM 1311||Principles of Chemistry||3 Units|
|CHM 1321||Organic Chemistry I||3 Units|
|GEO 1111||Introduction to Earth Systems||3 Units|
|MAT 1330||Calculus for the Life Sciences I||3 Units|
|MAT 1332||Calculus for the Life Sciences II||3 Units|
|PHY 1321||Principles of Physics I||3 Units|
|Compulsory Courses at the 2000 level|
|BCH 2333||Introduction to Biochemistry||3 Units|
|BIO 2129||Ecology||3 Units|
|BIO 2133||Genetics||3 Units|
|BIO 2135||Animal Form and Function||3 Units|
|BIO 2137||Introduction to Plant Science: Biodiversity to Biotechnology||3 Units|
|CHM 2120||Organic Chemistry II||3 Units|
|MAT 2379||Introduction to Biostatistics||3 Units|
|Compulsory Courses at the 3000 level|
|BIO 3009||Research Practicum||6 Units|
|BIO 3153||Cell Biology||3 Units|
|BIO 3170||Molecular Biology||3 Units|
|Compulsory Courses at the 4000 level|
|BIO 4009||Honours Research||9 Units|
|BIO 4158||Applied Biostatistics||3 Units|
|BIO 4920||Seminar I Evaluating Science||1.5 Units|
|BIO 4921||Seminar II Developing and Communicating Science||1.5 Units|
|3 course units from:||3 Units|
|Molecular Biology Laboratory|
|Cell Biology Laboratory|
|6 course units from:||6 Units|
|General Intermediary Metabolism|
|General Microbiology Laboratory|
|Computational Tools for Biological Sciences|
|Topics in Biotechnology|
|Topics in Molecular Genetics|
|Plant Developmental Biology|
|Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Génétique évolutive humaine|
|3 optional course units in English (ENG) at the 1000 or 2000 level||3 Units|
|9 optional course units in biology (BIO), biopharmaceutical science (BPS) or environmental science (EVS), ITI 1120, BCH 3120, BCH 3125, BCH 3356, BCH 4122, BCH 4125, BCH 4188||9 Units|
|3 optional course units in biology (BIO), biopharmaceutical science (BPS) or environmental science (EVS) at the 3000 or 4000 level, BCH 3120, BCH 3125, BCH 3356, BCH 4122, BCH 4125, BCH 4188||3 Units|
|9 elective course units offered by the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Education, the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Social Sciences or the Telfer School of Management||9 Units|
|15 elective course units||15 Units|