Since it deals mainly with issues that have no simple solutions, philosophy emphasizes the exchange of ideas and debate, and thus cultivates an appetite for deep and serious reflection. By reading and discussing the works of the world's great thinkers on fundamental topics like truth, justice, morality and existence, you sharpen your own ability to think clearly, critically and independently. The Department's curriculum has a twin approach, historical and analytical, and covers political and social philosophy, ethics, philosophy of science, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind and logic. 

The Department of Philosophy also runs a minor in applied ethics.

This program is offered in English and in French.

The French immersion stream is available with this program.

Requirements for this program have been modified. Please consult the 2015-2016 calendars for the previous requirements.

ENG 1100Workshop in Essay Writing3 Units
3 course units from:3 Units
Introduction to Interdisciplinary Study in the Arts 1
Introduction to Interdisciplinary Study in the Arts 1
Literature and Composition I: Prose Fiction
Literature and Composition II: Drama and Poetry
3 course units from:3 Units
Reasoning and Critical Thinking
Philosophy: Ideas and Arguments
3 course units from:3 Units
Moral Reasoning
Fundamental Philosophical Questions
Great Philosophers
Philosophy: Themes and Texts
Introduction to Interdisciplinary Study in the Arts 1
Introduction to Interdisciplinary Study in the Arts 1
PHI 2170Logic I3 Units
PHI 2174Ethics3 Units
PHI 2183Political Philosophy3 Units
PHI 2380Greek Philosophy or the Birth of Philosophy3 Units
PHI 2382Philosophy in the Middle Ages3 Units
PHI 2383Modern Philosophy3 Units
PHI 3377Contemporary Continental Philosophy3 Units
3 course units from:3 Units
Origins of Analytic Philosophy
Contemporary Analytic Philosophy
12 optional course units in philosophy (PHI) 212 Units
18 optional course units in philosophy (PHI) at the 3000 or 4000 level 218 Units
6 optional course units in philosophy (PHI) at the 4000 level 26 Units
48 elective course units48 Units
or 18 elective course units plus a minor
Total: 120 Units



This course has variable topics. Students may take this course twice.


A minimum of 6 course units must be selected from each list of optional courses.

List of Optional Courses

List A - History of Philosophy
PHI 2122Greek Wisdom3 Units
PHI 2381Arab Philosophy3 Units
PHI 2386Existentialism3 Units
PHI 2389Asian Philosophy3 Units
PHI 3108Texts in Modern Philosophy3 Units
PHI 3370Plato: The Philosopher as Poet, Lover, Dialectician and King3 Units
PHI 3380Aristotle. The Pursuit of Wisdom for its Own Sake3 Units
PHI 3382Kant and critical philosophy3 Units
PHI 3386Topics in 19th Century Philosophy3 Units
PHI 3387Philosophy of the Enlightenment3 Units
PHI 4160Greek Philosophical Texts3 Units
PHI 4307Texts in French Philosophy3 Units
PHI 4385Hegel and German Idealism3 Units
List B - Metaphysics and Theory of Knowledge
PHI 2172Philosophy of Mind3 Units
PHI 2197Philosophy of History3 Units
PHI 2391Philosophy of Science3 Units
PHI 3105Phenomenology3 Units
PHI 3125Philosophy of Cognitive Science3 Units
PHI 3170Topics in Theory of Knowledge3 Units
PHI 3171Logic II3 Units
PHI 3174Topics in Metaphysics3 Units
PHI 3390Philosophical Logic3 Units
PHI 3391Philosophy of Language3 Units
PHI 3393Philosophy of Religion3 Units
PHI 4308Texts in American Philosophy3 Units
PHI 4309Wittgenstein3 Units
List C - Ethics
PHI 2390Philosophical Issues in Women's Studies3 Units
PHI 2392Esthetics and Philosophy of Art3 Units
PHI 2393Philosophy of Culture3 Units
PHI 2394Scientific Thought and Social Values3 Units
PHI 2396Bioethics3 Units
PHI 2397Business Ethics3 Units
PHI 2398Environmental Ethics3 Units
PHI 3164Contemporary Ethical Theories3 Units
PHI 3395Philosophy of Law3 Units
PHI 3396Philosophy of the Social Sciences3 Units
PHI 4164Seminar in Ethics3 Units
PHI 4311Problems in Contemporary Political Philosophy3 Units
PHI 4312Problems in Contemporary Ethics3 Units