GEO 1111 Introduction to Earth Systems (3 units)

Course suited for students in the faculties of Science or Engineering who want to learn more about how the solid earth, oceans, atmosphere, and life have worked in an integrated way over the past 4.6 billion years.

Course Component: Discussion Group, Lecture

Prerequisites: Advanced Functions and Introductory Calculus 4U or Calculus and Vectors 4U or MAT 1319 or MAT 1339 and two of the 4U Science or Mathematics courses. The courses GEO 1111, GEO 1301 cannot be combined for credits.

GEO 1113 Apocalypse Earth: Understanding Natural Disasters (3 units)

Dramatic and catastrophic natural disasters leave evidence in the geologic record and can threaten life on Earth. Examples introduced in this course include violent volcanic eruptions, mega-earthquakes and the tsunami arising from them, rapid climatic changes and associated storms, and impacts from asteroids and comets. Examples of recent events will be used to help interpret what we read in the ancient rock record.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 1115 Introduction to Earth Materials (3 units)

Identification, properties and interpretation of Earth materials in field excursions and laboratory exercises. Common rock-forming and metallic minerals; sedimentary rocks and fossils; igneous rocks and textures; metamorphic rocks and fabrics; unconsolidated materials (clay, silt, sand, gravel and soils). Geology of the Ottawa area. A minimal fee is required to cover transportation for field trips.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: Advanced Functions and Introductory Calculus 4U or Calculus and Vectors 4U or MAT1319 or MAT1339 and two of the 4U Science or Mathematics courses.

GEO 1301 The Earth and How It Works (3 units)

Course designed for students outside the Faculties of Science and Engineering. Students will learn about a number of geological processes that started 4.6 billion years ago and continue to mould our Earth today, including earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountain building. In addition the evolution of life and the scientific and environmental issues related to natural resource exploitation (water, oil, gas, coal, metals) will be discussed. This course cannot be credited to students from the Faculties of Science and Engineering. This course cannot be combined for credits with GEO 1111.

Course Component: Lecture

The courses GEO 1301, GEO 1111 cannot be combined for credits.

GEO 1511 Introduction aux systèmes terrestres (3 crédits)

Cours de base conçu pour toute personne des facultés de sciences ou de génie qui veut savoir comment la terre solide, les océans, l'atmosphère et la biosphère fonctionnent d'une manière intégrée depuis plus de 4,6 milliards d'années.

Volet : Cours magistral

Préalables: Fonctions avancées et intro. au calcul différentiel 4U ou le Calcul différentiel et vecteurs 4U ou MAT 1719 ou MAT 1739 et deux cours 4U de Sciences ou de Mathématiques. GEO 1511, GEO 1701 ne peuvent être combinés pour l'obtention de crédits.

GEO 1513 Terre Apocalypse: comprendre les désastres naturels (3 crédits)

Certains désastres naturels catastrophiques et dramatiques laissent une empreinte géologique et menacent la vie sur la Terre. Les exemples présentés dans ce cours incluent les éruptions volcaniques violentes, les méga-séismes et tsunamis qu'ils génèrent, les changements climatiques rapides et leurs tempêtes associées, ainsi que les impacts d'astéroïdes et de comètes. Des exemples d'événements récents qui nous permettent d'interpréter les archives géologiques de roches anciennes seront utilisés. Ce cours ne peut pas être crédité en tant que cours optionnel en sciences, mais peut être crédité en tant que cours au choix.

Volet : Cours magistral

Les cours GEO 1511, GEO 1513, GEO 1515, GEO 1701 ne peuvent être combinés pour l'obtention de crédits. Aucune connaissance préalable en sciences n'est requise.

GEO 1515 Introduction aux matériaux terrestres (3 crédits)

Identification, propriétés et interprétation des matériaux terrestres sur le terrain et au laboratoire. Principaux minerais métalliques et minéraux de la croûte terrestre; roches ignées et leurs textures; roches sédimentaires et les fossiles; roches métamorphiques et leurs fabriques; matériaux meubles (argile, silt, sable, gravier, sols). Géologie de la région d'Ottawa. Des frais minimes sont exigés pour défrayer le transport lors des excursions.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalables : Fonctions avancées et introduction au calcul différentiel 4U ou Calcul différentiel et vecteurs 4U ou MAT1719 ou MAT1739 et deux cours 4U de Sciences ou de Mathématiques.

GEO 1701 Comment percer les secrets de la terre (3 crédits)

Cours offert à toute personne à l'extérieur des facultés de Sciences et de Génie. Ce cours donne une vue d'ensemble sur de nombreux processus géologiques (tremblements de terre, volcans, chaînes de montagnes) qui façonnent notre planète depuis maintenant 4,6 milliards d'années. L'origine et l'évolution de la vie seront aussi discutées, ainsi que les aspects scientifiques et environnementaux de nos ressources (eau, pétrole, gaz naturel, charbon, métaux). Ce cours ne peut pas être crédité aux étudiants des facultés de Sciences et de Génie. Les cours GEO 1701 et GEO 1511 sont mutuellement exclusifs.

Volet : Cours magistral

GEO 2020 Études de terrain I / Field Studies I (3 crédits / 3 units)

Ce cours comprend une période de laboratoire de 4 heures par semaine durant le semestre d'hiver, suivi par un camp de terrain (~12 jours) qui demande la cartographie géologique et l'analyse structurale d'une région et d'établir sa place dans l'histoire tectonique des Appalaches. Le camp de terrain se tiendra après la période d'examen à la fin du mois d'avril. Des frais sont exigés pour défrayer les coûts de transport et de logement. Antérieurement GEO 2920. / The course consists of one 4-hour laboratory period per week, during the winter session, followed by a field camp (~12 days) involving geological mapping and structural analysis of a region and of its place in the tectonic history of the Appalachian belt. The field camp will be held following the end of the examination period, in late April. Fees are requested to cover accommodation and transportation. Previously GEO 2920.

Volet / Course Component: Laboratoire / Laboratory, Cours magistral / Lecture

Prequisites: GEO 1111, GEO 1115.

GEO 2113 Paleontology (3 units)

The nature of fossils, particularly the fossilized remains and traces of common macro-invertebrates. Study of aspects of morphology most useful in identifying and classifying fossils and in interpreting their paleoecology and evolutionary history. (Offered in alternate years with GEO 2513.)

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: GEO 1111, BIO 1130.

GEO 2163 Introduction to Mineralogy (3 units)

Fundamental concepts of mineralogy. Crystal systems, symmetry, point groups, crystal chemistry and the classification of minerals. Systematic survey of the crystal structure, uses, and occurrence of the principal minerals in rocks and soils.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: GEO 1115, CHM 1311.

GEO 2164 Analytical Methods in Mineralogy (3 units)

Introduction to principal analytical methods available for the study of minerals and rocks. Propagation of light in crystalline media and the use of the polarizing microscope, powder X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, electron microbeam analysis and scanning electron microscopy.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 2163.

GEO 2165 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation (3 units)

The origin of sedimentary rocks. Characteristics of primary structures and secondary alteration. Basic principles of stratigraphy.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: GEO 1111, GEO 1115.

GEO 2166 Oceanography (3 units)

Introduction to marine science through the combined perspectives of physical, geological, chemical and biological oceanography. Topics include: history of oceanography; plate tectonics and the ocean floor; ocean basins and their sediments; seawater chemistry/biochemistry; ocean waves, tides and currents; ocean-atmosphere interaction; marine life; study of selected marine environments and associated processes, sediments and organisms; marine resources and environmental concerns. This course will be offered in alternate years with GEO 2566.

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisites: (GEO 1111 or GEO 1115), (PHY 1121 or PHY 1321 or PHY 1331).

GEO 2307 Environmental Geology (3 units)

Natural hazards, and environmental problems related to the exploitation of mineral resources, fossil fuels and nuclear energy. Physical and chemical characteristics of surface and subsurface environments, biogeochemical cycles, water, soil and air pollution. Remediation processes and environmental rules and regulations. Offered in alternate years with GEO 2707.

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 1111.

GEO 2321 Structural Geology and Tectonics (3 units)

Stress and strain analysis, geometrical analyses of rock structures, deformation mechanisms, fabric-forming mechanisms, introduction to plate tectonics. (Offered in alternate years with GEO 2721.)

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisite: PHY 1121. Prerequisite or corequisite: GEO 2164.

GEO 2334 Quaternary Geology and Climate Change (3 units)

Examination of the past two million years of Earth history, including Pleistocene glaciations, sea level fluctuations, arid/pluvial cycles, and holocene migrations and extinctions. Cycles and mechanisms of natural and anthropogenically driven climatic change through the Quaternary and up to the present. Field excursions. A minimal fee is required to cover transportation for field trips. Offered in alternate years with GEO 2734.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 1111 or GEO 1115.

GEO 2513 Paléontologie (3 crédits)

Étude et classification des principaux invertébrés fossiles. Interprétation paléoécologique et évolutive à partir des traits morphologiques. Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 2113.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalables : GEO 1511, BIO 1530.

GEO 2563 Introduction à la minéralogie (3 crédits)

Concepts de base en minéralogie, systèmes cristallins, symétrie, groupes ponctuels, classification des minéraux. Aperçu systématique de la structure cristalline, de l'utilisation et de la distribution des principaux minéraux dans les roches et les sols.

Volet : Cours magistral, Laboratoire

Préalables : GEO 1515, CHM 1711.

GEO 2564 Méthodes analytiques en minéralogie (3 crédits)

Introduction aux principales méthodes analytiques pour l'étude des minéraux et des roches. Propagation de la lumière en milieux cristallins, utilisation du microscope polarisant, diffraction-X sur les poudres, spectrométrie par fluorescence-X, analyse par microsonde électronique et microscopie à balayage électronique.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalable : GEO 2563.

GEO 2565 Stratigraphie et sédimentation (3 crédits)

Origine des roches sédimentaires. Caractéristiques des structures primaires et des phénomènes d'altération secondaire. Principes de base en stratigraphie.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalables : GEO 1511, GEO 1515.

GEO 2566 Océanographie (3 crédits)

Introduction aux sciences marines à travers les perspectives combinées de l'océanographie physique, géologique, chimique et biologique. Parmi les sujets abordés on compte: l'histoire de l'océanographie; les plaques tectoniques et le plancher océanique; les bassins sédimentaires et leurs sédiments; la chimie et biochimie des eaux marines; les vagues, les marées et les courants océaniques; l'interaction océan-atmosphère; la vie marine; l'étude d'environnements marins sélectionnés et des processus, sédiments et organismes associés; ressources marines et préoccupations environnementales. Ce cours sera offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 2166.

Volet : Cours magistral

Préalables : (GEO 1511 ou GEO 1515), (PHY 1521 ou PHY 1721 ou PHY 1731).

GEO 2707 Géologie environnementale (3 crédits)

Dangers naturels et problèmes environnementaux reliés à l'exploitation des ressources minérales, combustibles fossiles et énergie nucléaire. Caractéristiques physiques et chimiques des environnements de surface et sous-surface, grands cycles biogéochimiques, pollution de l'eau, des sols et de l'air. Processus de dépollution et normes environnementales. Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 2307.

Volet : Cours magistral

Préalable : GEO 1511.

GEO 2721 Géologie structurale et tectonique (3 crédits)

Contraintes et déformation, analyses géométriques de structures, mécanismes de déformation, mécanismes formateurs de fabriques, introduction à la tectonique des plaques. (Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 2321.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalable : PHY 1521. Préalable ou concomittant : GEO 2564.

GEO 2734 Géologie quaternaire et changement climatique (3 crédits)

Examen des derniers deux millions d'années de l'histoire de la Terre, glaciations du Pléistocène, changements du niveau de la mer, cycles arides et pluviaux, extinctions et migrations de l'Holocène. Cycles et mécanismes naturels et anthropogéniques conduisant aux changements climatiques pendant le Quaternaire. Excursions sur le terrain. Des frais minimes sont exigés pour défrayer le transport lors des excursions. Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 2334.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalable : GEO 1511 ou GEO 1515.

GEO 2901 Stage coop I / Co-Op Work I (3 crédits / 3 units)

Volet / Course Component: Stage / Work Term

GEO 3163 Igneous Petrology (3 units)

Fundamentals of igneous rock classification, crystallization, differentiation, and tectonic affiliations. Microscopy of igneous rocks. Survey of the common volcanic and plutonic rocks.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: PHY 1122, GEO 2164, (CHM 2330 or CHM 2353).

GEO 3164 Metamorphic Petrology (3 units)

Fundamentals of metamorphic rock classification. Metamorphic facies and isograds; mineral equilibria, and thermobarometry; microscopy of metamorphic rocks; and metamorphic processes.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: CHM 1311, PHY 1121, GEO 2164.

GEO 3165 Carbonate Sedimentology (3 units)

Processes and products of deposition in warm-to cool-water carbonate and associated evaporite producing environments; concepts of facies and microfacies, diagenetic processes and products; microscopy of carbonate and evaporite rocks. Offered in alternate years with GEO 3565.

Course Component: Lecture, Laboratory

Prerequisite: GEO 2165.

GEO 3166 Siliciclastic Sedimentology (3 units)

Classification and origin of siliciclastic sedimentary rocks. Processes of sediment transport/deposition, biogenic structures, and diagenetic alteration during burial. Microscopy of siliciclastic rocks.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 2165, GEO 2164. Offered in alternate years with GEO 3566.

GEO 3167 Mineral Deposits (3 units)

Fundamentals of metallic and industrial mineral deposits. Lithological and mineralogical characteristics, plus geological processes of formation of the deposits including diamonds, precious metals, nickel, copper and iron. Laboratory examination of the mineralogy and textures of principal metallic types, identification of metallic minerals in hand specimen, and polished section using reflected-light microscopy.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: GEO 2163, GEO 2164.

GEO 3191 Applied Geophysics (3 units)

Introduction to geophysical techniques used to characterize Earth's subsurface structure for resource exploration, engineering and environmental studies. Course includes data acquisition, processing, inversion, and interpretation of individual and multiple field surveys. Laboratory experiments will focus on seismic, gravity, and magnetic methods.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: (MAT 1332 or MAT 1322 or MAT 1325), (PHY 1122, GEO 2321).

GEO 3342 Introduction to Hydrogeology (3 units)

The water cycle, groundwater and aquifers, theory of groundwater flow, groundwater resources, contaminants and contamination risks, impacts of over-exploitation. Laboratories to include soil physics and saturated flow experiments. Offered in alternate years with GEO 3742.

Course Component: Discussion Group, Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: GEO 1115, MAT 1332, (CHM 2330 or CHM 2353), (PHY 1121 or PHY 1331 or PHY 1321).

GEO 3352 Geological Data Analysis (3 units)

Introduction to commonly used quantitative methods of geological data analysis. Review of basic statistics: Types of data and methods of presentation; descriptive statistics; probability and sampling theory; error analysis; statistical tests, linear regression and correlation, spatial statistics. Vector analysis. Experimental design and analysis of variance. Non-parametric statistics. Multivariable analysis. Examples and applications in geology, hydrogeology, and environmental sciences. Previously GEO 3152. Offered in alternate years with GEO 3652.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisites: GEO 1111, (MAT 2379 or MAT 2377).

GEO 3372 Petrology of Mineral Deposits (3 units)

Identification of major metallic minerals and their host rocks. Reflected light microscopy of metallic mineral assemblages and textures. Offered in alternate years with GEO 2371.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 2163.

GEO 3382 Geochemistry (3 units)

Basic concepts and applications of geochemistry to other geological disciplines. Introduction to geochronology, radiogenic isotope systematics and stable isotope geochemistry. Particular emphasis on the present-day composition of the Earth and the processes modifying the distribution of elements in rocks, and natural waters. (Offered in alternate years with GEO 3782.)

Course Component: Discussion Group, Lecture

Prerequisites: GEO 2163, CHM 1311.

GEO 3393 Planetary Geology (3 units)

Geology of Moon, Mercury, Marc and Venus, compared with the Geology of Earth; the outer planets and their satellites; meteorites and tektites; impact craters; origin and development of the Solar System. Laboratory: photo-interpretation of surface features of Moon, study of geological maps of Moon and Mars, microscopic examination of lunar rocks, meteorites, and terrestrial impact breccias. Not offered each year. Students must check with the department.

Course Component: Laboratory, Lecture

Corequisite: GEO 3163.

GEO 3563 Pétrologie ignée (3 crédits)

Concepts de base de la classification des roches ignées; processus de cristallisation et de différentiation; discrimination et identification tectonique. Microscopie des roches ignées. Aperçu des principales roches volcaniques et plutoniques.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalables : PHY 1522, GEO 2564, (CHM 2730 ou CHM 2753).

GEO 3564 Pétrologie métamorphique (3 crédits)

Concepts de base de la classification, des faciès et des isogrades métamorphiques, équilibre des minéraux et thermobarométrie, microscopie des roches métamorphiques, processus métamorphiques.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalables : CHM 1711, GEO 2564, PHY 1521.

GEO 3565 Sédimentologie carbonatée (3 crédits)

Processus et produits de la sédimentation carbonatée et évaporitique dans les milieux marins chauds et froids; concepts de faciès et microfaciès, processus et produits diagénétiques; microscopie des roches carbonatées. Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 3165.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalable : GEO 2565.

GEO 3566 Sédimentologie silico-clastique (3 crédits)

Classification et origine des roches sédimentaires silico-clastiques. Processus de transport/déposition des sédiments, structures biogéniques, et altération diagénétique au cours de l'enfouissement. Microscopie des roches silico-clastiques.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalable : GEO 2565, GEO 2564. Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 3166.

GEO 3567 Géologie des gîtes minéraux (3 crédits)

Concepts de base sur les gîtes minéraux métalliques et industriels incluant: diamant, métaux précieux, nickel, cuivre et fer; caractéristiques minéralogiques et lithologiques; processus de formation. Laboratoires: examen de la minéralogie et des textures des principaux gîtes métalliques; identification de minéraux métalliques sur des échantillons de terrain; microscopie en lumière réfléchie de plaques polies.

Volet : Cours magistral

Préalables : GEO 2563, GEO 2564.

GEO 3591 Géophysique appliquée (3 crédits)

Introduction aux techniques géophysiques utilisées dans la caractérisation des structures sous-terraines pour l'exploration de resources, l'ingénierie, et les études environnementales. Le cours inclut les procédures d'acquisition et d'analyse de données, l'inversion et l'interpretation de levés simples et multiples. Les travaux pratiques focaliseront sur les méthodes sismiques, gravitationnelles et magnétiques.

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalables : (MAT 1732 ou MAT 1722 ou MAT 1725), (PHY 1522, GEO 2721).

GEO 3742 Introduction à l'hydrogéologie (3 crédits)

Introduction au cycle de l'eau, nappes phréatiques, théorie de l'écoulement des eaux souterraines, sources d'eau, contaminants et risques de contamination, impact de la surexploitation. Laboratoires (physique des sols, écoulements saturés). (Offert en alternance avec GEO 3342.)

Volet : Laboratoire, Groupe de discussion, Cours magistral

Préalables : GEO 1515, MAT 1732, (CHM 2730 ou CHM 2753), (PHY 1521 ou PHY 1731 ou PHY 1721).

GEO 3752 Analyses de données géologiques (3 crédits)

Introduction aux méthodes d'analyse quantitative des données géologiques. Revue des statistiques de base: types de données et méthodes de présentation; statistiques descriptives; probabilité et théorie de l'échantillonnage; analyse de l'erreur; estimation et décision statistique; régression linéaire et corrélation. Statistiques dans l'espace. Analyse de vecteurs. Design expérimental et analyse de variance. Méthodes non-paramétriques. Séries statistiques multiples. Exemples et applications en géologie, en hydrogéologie, et en sciences environnementales. Antérieurement GEO 3552. (Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 3252.)

Volet : Laboratoire, Cours magistral

Préalables : GEO 1511, (MAT 2779 ou MAT 2777).

GEO 3782 Géochimie (3 crédits)

Concepts de base et applications de la géochimie dans les domaines de la géologie. Introduction à la géochronologie, systématique des isotopes radiogéniques, géochimie des isotopes stables. Accent mis sur la composition actuelle de la Terre et les processus modifiant la distribution des éléments dans les roches et les eaux naturelles. (Offert tous les deux ans en alternance avec GEO 3382.)

Volet : Groupe de discussion, Cours magistral

Préalables : GEO 2563, CHM 1711.

GEO 3901 Stage coop II / Co-Op Work II (3 crédits / 3 units)

Volet / Course Component: Stage / Work Term

GEO 3902 Stage coop III / Co-Op Work III (3 crédits / 3 units)

Volet / Course Component: Stage / Work Term

GEO 3920 Études de terrain II / Field Studies II (3 crédits / 3 units)

Ce cours met l'accent sur l'examen de roches archéennes à partir de coupes et d'affleurements présents dans la Sous-province de l'Abitibi. Cours préparatoires à Ottawa, cours additionnels sur le terrain, observations sur le terrain avec rapports quotidiens. Le camp de terrain se tiendra après la période d'examen à la fin du mois d'avril. Des frais sont exigés pour défrayer les coûts de transport et de logement. / The course focuses on Archean rocks through detailed examination of key sections and outcrops within the Abitibi Sub-province. Preparatory lectures in Ottawa, additional lectures in the field, field observations with daily assignments. The field camp will be held following the end of the examination period, in late April. Fees are requested to cover accommodation and transportation.

Volet / Course Component: Recherche / Research

GEO 4010 Projet de recherche / Honours Project (6 crédits / 6 units)

Rédaction d'un mémoire de recherche (projets de terrain et de laboratoire) sur un sujet dirigé par un professeur du département. Les étudiants sont encouragés à choisir des sujets de recherche avec leur employeur durant l'été précédant leur année finale. Ils doivent assister aux séminaires du Centre Géoscientifique Ottawa-Carleton et présenter un séminaire de recherche. Antérieurement GEO 4900. / A report of research in the field and laboratory on a subject approved by the Department of Earth Sciences and supervised by a faculty adviser. Students are encouraged to seek suitable thesis topics during summer employment preceding their final year. They are required to attend seminars of the Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre and present a seminar on their thesis topic. Previously GEO 4900.

Volet / Course Component: Recherche / Research

Prerequisite: Student must have completed required basic courses in science and compulsory 3000 level courses within the field and have a minimum CGPA of 4.5.

GEO 4300 Field Studies in Earth Sciences (3 units)

Special projects based on a total of at least 10 days of fieldwork investigations and requiring a written research report.

Course Component: Research

GEO 4301 Selected Topics in Earth Sciences (3 units)

Lectures and seminars on selected topics in geology.

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: Student must have completed 12 credits at 3000 level within the field.

GEO 4322 Advanced Structure (3 units)

A study of the structural evolution of mountain belts, with emphasis on field methods. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 2321.

GEO 4329 Principles of Rock Deformation (3 units)

Principles applicable to brittle and ductile deformation of rocks within the earth. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 2321.

GEO 4332 Permafrost Geomorphology (3 units)

Description and interpretation of processes and landforms typical of permafrost terrain. Emphasis on the Arctic and Sub-Arctic environments of North America and the former Soviet Union. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 2334.

GEO 4341 Advanced Physical Hydrogeology (3 units)

The principles governing the movement of groundwater through various geological media and the mathematical modeling of groundwater flow. Methodologies for the exploration, development and monitoring of groundwater resources. Groundwater, geohazards and geotechnics. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3342.

GEO 4342 Natural and Contaminant Groundwater Geochemistry (3 units)

The geochemical evolution of natural groundwater, using calculations of solute activities and mineral saturation, including the carbon cycle, weathering, redox evolution, geochemical modeling, environmental isotope tracers and the hydrological cycle. The geochemistry of major groundwater contaminants, including nutrients, landfill leachate, nuclear waste, acid drainage and metals. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3342.

GEO 4354 Quantitative Analysis in Geology (3 units)

One or more of the following topics will be addressed: Morphology analysis, image analysis, geostatistical contouring techniques, introduction to geographic information systems, expert systems. Markov chain analysis, fractals, non-linear dynamics, growth algorithms. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3352.

GEO 4362 Advanced Igneous Petrogenesis (3 units)

A course dealing with the genesis of plutonic and volcanic rocks and concentrating on one or more of the following - origin and differentiation of basaltic magma; origin of granite; computer modelling of partial melting and fractional crystallization; magmatism in time and space; trace elements and isotopes in petrogenesis. (Not offered each year, students much check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3163.

GEO 4363 Advanced Metamorphic Petrology (3 units)

An advanced lecture and seminar course dealing with metamorphic processes and concentrating on one or more of the following - field relations of metamorphic rocks; graphical treatment and interpretation of mineral assemblages. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3164.

GEO 4365 Advanced Carbonate Sedimentology (3 units)

Lectures and seminars will cover aspects of modern depositional systems, dynamic facies models, sequence stratigraphy, mineralogy and diagenesis of carbonate sediments. Practical part of the course will include laboratory exercices that integrate various techniques in carbonate sedimentology (petrography, staining, cathodoluminescence, fluorescence, SEM). (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3165.

GEO 4366 Siliciclastic Sedimentology (3 units)

A lecture and field course on the nature and occurrence of sediment and siliciclastic sedimentary rocks. The physical basis of sedimentary processes and the characteristics of siliciclastic deposition environments analysed in a sequence stratigraphic framework. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3166.

GEO 4367 Advanced Mineralogy (3 units)

Topics covered will include crystal chemistry, phase equilibria and occurrences of the principal rock-forming mineral groups. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 2164.

GEO 4371 Advanced Mineral Deposits (3 units)

A lecture, laboratory and seminar course on the genesis of various ore deposits. Lectures include description of classical deposits, relationship between deposits and host rock, tectonic setting of the deposits, geochemical characteristics of important ores, and various techniques for studying ore genesis. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3167.

GEO 4382 Advanced Geochemistry (3 units)

Chemical differentiation and evolution of the Earth through magmatic and sedimentary processes, isotopes for geochronology, isotope systematics for petrogenesis and geochemical cycle. (Not offered each year, students must check with the Department.)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: GEO 3382.

GEO 4700 Études de terrain en sciences de la terre (3 crédits)

Projets spéciaux comprenant au moins 10 jours de travaux sur le terrain et demandant la rédaction d'un rapport de recherche. Des frais peuvent être exigés pour défrayer les coûts de transport et de logement.

Volet : Cours magistral

Préalable : L'étudiant ou l'étudiante doit avoir complété 12 crédits au niveau 3000 dans le domaine.

GEO 4701 Sujets choisis en sciences de la terre (3 crédits)

Cours et séminaires sur un sujet choisi en Sciences de la Terre.

Volet : Cours magistral

Préalable : L'étudiant ou l'étudiante doit avoir complété 12 crédits au niveau 3000 dans le domaine.

GEO 4901 Stage coop IV / Co-Op Work IV (3 crédits / 3 units)

Volet / Course Component: Stage / Work Term

GEO 4902 Stage coop V / Co-Op Work v (3 crédits / 3 units)

Volet / Course Component: Stage / Work Term

GEO 5114 Mineralogy (3 units)

An advanced course covering selected topics in mineralogy, such as crystallography, crystal chemistry, crystal structure, mineralogy of rock-forming mineral groups, and instrumental methods in mineralogical research, such as use of electronic optical instruments, spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography; seminar presentations and practical exercises included. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5104 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5122 Advanced Igneous Petrology (3 units)

The course focuses on particular aspects of the discipline and integrates physical and chemical processes with the dynamics of magmatic systems to understand igneous processes. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5202 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5124 Geology and Geochemistry of Ore Deposits (3 units)

An advanced course in ore deposits examining aspects of their geology, geochemistry, and exploration. Topics will be selected from a range of different deposit types, including hydrothermal and magmatic ore deposits, as well as laboratory and field examination of different ores and their host rocks. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5204 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5131 Siliciclastic Sedimentology (3 units)

Origin and significance of physical and sedimentary processes and structures. Analysis of ancient siliciclastic depositional environments in a facies model and sequence stratigraphic framework. Course involves lectures, seminars and field excursions. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5301 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5135 Carbonate Sedimentology (3 units)

Lectures and seminars will cover aspects of modern depositional systems, dynamic facies models, sequence stratigraphy, mineralogy, and diagenesis of carbonate sediments. Practical part of the course will consist of a field-laboratory project that integrates various techniques in carbonate sedimentology (mapping, petrography, staining, cathodoluminescence, fluorescence, SEM). This course is equivalent to ERTH 5305 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5136 Paleobiology (3 units)

Selected topics in paleobiology of micro- and macro-invertebrates and vertebrates. Topics include extinctions, micro- and macro-evolutionary processes, long-term trends and cycles in the Phanerozoic, and functional morphology, as well as application of invertebrates to biostratigraphy, paleoceanography and paleolimnology. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5306 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5139 Glacial and Periglacial Geology (3 units)

An examination of various sedimentary environments associated with glacial and periglacial processes and their significance for mineral exploration and environmental geochemistry. Study of cold climate non-glacial conditions and the development of permafrost and permafrost-related features, including the effect of groundwater flow on permafrost distribution. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5309 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5142 Environmental Geoscience (3 units)

A study-seminar course in which students will examine, in depth, certain environmental problems, including geological hazards, mineral and energy consumption and environmental degradation. The relation between development and the environment will be considered. Students will prepare a report and present a seminar on a subject of their choice, and will participate in a research project centered in the Ottawa area. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5402 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5143 Environmental Isotopes and Groundwater Geochemistry (3 units)

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: Fourth-year Hydrogeology (67.420 or GEO 4342) or equivalent.

GEO 51431 Environmental Isotopes and Groundwater Geochemistry (3 crédits)

Volet : Cours magistral

Prerequisite: Fourth-year Hydrogeology (67.420 or GEO 4342) or equivalent

GEO 5146 Techniques of Groundwater Resources Evaluation (3 units)

Governing groundwater flow equations, initial and boundary conditions; simple numerical solutions (spreadsheets); complex numerical solutions (commercial software); and analytical solutions. Applications: aquifer response test analysis, capture zone analysis, groundwater flow modeling, water budgeting, and aquifer vulnerability assessment.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5147 Geochemistry of Natural Waters (3 units)

Aqueous speciation, solubility of metals, minerals and gas, reaction kinetics and equilibria. Chemistry and dynamics of groundwaters and hydrothermal fluids. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5407 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5148 Theory of Flow and Contaminant Transport in Geological Materials (3 units)

Development of governing groundwater flow equations and solute transport equations from first principles, and application of principles in case studies. Topics: forces and potentials, fluids, geological materials, contaminants, case studies.

Course Component: Lecture

Prerequisite: undergraduate hydrogeology.

GEO 5151 Precambrian Geology (3 units)

Geology and tectonic history of the Canadian Shield, emphasizing modern four-dimensional interpretations (map, depth, time); comparison and correlation with other Precambrian shields; global Precambrian tectonic evolution through review of continental reconstructions; Precambrian mineral deposits; field trips and research projects. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5501 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5153 Computer Techniques in the Earth Sciences (3 units)

A practical course in the application of computer techniques in the acquisition and interpretation of geoscientific data. Topics will be selected from the following: remote sensing and geographic information systems; geostatistical analysis techniques; analysis and modelling of geoscientific data. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5503 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5157 Tectonic Processes Emphasizing Geochronology and Metamorphism (3 units)

Applications of empirical, analytical and quantitative techniques to problems in regional geology and crustal tectonics; orogenic processes; heat and metamorphism; isotopic geochronology as applied to thermal history. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5507 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5160 Chemistry of the Earth (3 units)

Examine the composition of the mantle and crust in selected tectonic settings, such as subduction zones and hot spots. Topics may include how geochemical data constrain geodynamic settings of study area. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5600 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5163 Stable Isotope Geochemistry (3 units)

Mechanisms of isotope fractionation, fractionation in nature; physical and chemical isotope fractionation, kinetic isotope effects. Variations of stable isotope ratios (hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and sulphur) in nature. Preparation techniques of natural samples for isotope analysis. Applications of stable isotopes to study magma genesis, ore genesis, nature of water and formation fluids and sedimentary environments. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5603 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5169 Radioisotope Geochemistry (3 units)

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5171 Physics of the Earth (3 units)

The physics and dynamics of the solid Earth: seismology; gravitational and magnetic fields; thermal state. Geophysical constraints on the structure and composition of the interior. Geodynamic processes. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5701 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5173 Structural Geology (3 units)

Deformation processes and the analysis of geological structures at all scales. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5703 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5174 Tectonics (3 units)

Dynamical and geological aspects of plate tectonics throughout Earth history. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5704 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5177 Engineering Seismology (3 units)

Seismological topics with engineering applications. Characterization of seismicity and seismic sources (areas and faults). Seismic hazard analysis. Empirical and theoretical modeling of strong ground motion in time and frequency domains. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5707 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5178 Geophysical Signal Processing (3 units)

Practical aspects of earthquake and other geophysical signal processin; focus on application of Fourier analysis, digital filters, instrument response. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5708 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5193 Field Studies (3 units)

Systematic investigations of geological problems, based on a minimum of 15 days field work plus related library research and laboratory projects. Written report required. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5903 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Research

GEO 5294 Problems in Historical Geology and Geological Time (3 units)

Controversial ideas concerning the Earth and time: historical development of thought on the physical and biological evolution of the Earth. Understanding the stratigraphic column in regard to duration, age and correlation, including evidence from paleontology and sedimentology, particularly gaps in the sucession and rhythmic or episodic events. Origin and nature of life, relationship between crustal events and evolution, including extinctions. Concepts and models in geology; responsibility of the geologist to humanity. Half-course given during Fall and Winter sessions.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5301 Seminars in Earth Sciences I (3 units)

One-session modular course covering a spectrum of Earth science topics and current research problems, ranging from the geology and geophysics of the solid Earth, to its surface environment and crustal resources. A minimum of 4 modules is offered per session; 3 must be completed to obtain unit for a course. Students may not normally obtain units for modules that are offered by their supervisors. The choice of modules must be approved by the Director of the Geoscience Centre or a designate. This course complements GEO 5302 (ERTH 5002). This course is equivalent to ERTH 5001 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5302 Seminars in Earth Sciences II (3 units)

One-session modular course covering a spectrum of Earth science topics and current research problems, ranging from the geology and geophysics of the solid Earth, to its surface environment and crustal resources. A minimum of 4 modules is offered per session; 3 must be completed to obtain unit for a course. Students may not normally obtain units for modules that are offered by their supervisors. The choice of modules must be approved by the Director of the Geoscience Centre or a designate. This course complements GEO 5301 (ERTH 5001). This course is equivalent to ERTH 5002 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 5306 Hydrothermal Ore Deposits (3 units)

An advanced course in economic geology related to hydrothermal ore deposits, including their geology and geochemistry, physical and chemical controls on hydrothermal mineralization, the recognition and characterization of ore-fluid reservoirs, and the nature of large-scale fluid flow and alteration, with an emphasis on applications to exploration. This course is equivalent to ERTH 5206 at Carleton University.

Course Component: Lecture

GEO 7999 Thèse de maîtrise / M.Sc. Thesis

Ce cours est équivalent à ERTH 5909 à la Carleton University. / This course is equivalent to ERTH 5909 at Carleton University.

Volet / Course Component: Recherche / Research

GEO 9998 Examen de synthèse (doctorat) / Comprehensive Examination (Ph.D.)

Ce cours est équivalent à ERTH 6908 à la Carleton University. / This course is equivalent to ERTH 6908 at Carleton University.

Volet / Course Component: Recherche / Research

GEO 9999 Ph.D. Thesis / Ph.D. Thesis

Ce cours est équivalent à ERTH 6909 à la Carleton University. / This course is equivalent to ERTH 6909 at Carleton University.

Volet / Course Component: Recherche / Research